Wednesday, May 12, 2004

Working with Debian Again

I'm taking another look at Debian, as I may need to run some software tied to Linux firewalling software not found on FreeBSD.

I took advantage of a few good articles, including Introduction to Debian Software Package Management, the Apt How-To, Apt-Pinning for Beginners, and Using APT with more than 2 sources. Following their advice I created an
/etc/apt/sources.list like this:

deb stable main non-free contrib
deb stable/non-US main contrib non-free

deb testing main non-free contrib
deb testing/non-US main contrib non-free

deb unstable main non-free contrib
deb unstable/non-US main contrib non-free

deb stable/updates main contrib non-free

I created an /etc/apt/apt.conf file to address some memory problems I'd encountered earlier:

APT::Cache-Limit "8388608";

I then ran these commands to update my system, a Pentium 90 running Debian 3.0r2:

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade

These updated my system to a certain state, but I then ran another command to go farther:

apt-get dist-upgrade

When I was done, I tried installing 'sudo' using apt-get:

oates:~# apt-get install sudo
Reading Package Lists... Done
Building Dependency Tree... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 146kB of archives.
After unpacking 365kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 testing/main sudo 1.6.7p5-1 [146kB]
Fetched 146kB in 0s (158kB/s)
Selecting previously deselected package sudo.
(Reading database ... 8768 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking sudo (from .../sudo_1.6.7p5-1_i386.deb) ...
^TSetting up sudo (1.6.7p5-1) ...
No /etc/sudoers found... creating one for you.

This installed the version of sudo in the Debian testing distribution. You can see the appropriate package here.

Testing, also known as 'sarge,' is a middleground between stable (aka 'woody') and unstable (aka 'sid'). There are packages for each of those as well. The stable package offers sudo 1.6.6-1.1, while the unstable package, 1.6.7p5-1, matches that installed by testing.

I'll report more as I learn more about Debian.

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